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Dark Under Eye Circles
Dark circles otherwise known as periorbital hyperpigmentation are caused by the darkening of pigment underneath the eyes. Excess pigmentation is simply due to genetics but other factors including skin laxity, allergies, and deep tears can contribute as well.
Additionally, external environmental factors can have an impact on the skin. A lack of sleep can cause the skin to become dull and pale which means dark tissues and blood vessels beneath will start to show. Stress can cause fragile capillaries under the eyes to break which gives a darker appearance and excessive alcohol consumption can dehydrate the skin, causing it to look sunken too. UV rays produce an excess of melanin resulting in the darkening of pigmentation around the eyes. Finally, smoking induces the secretion of matrix metalloproteinases, which, when produced in excess, causes the breakdown of vital collagen in the skin.
Dark circles can be prevented by avoiding aggravating lifestyle factors. While hereditary causes of dark circles are impossible to avoid, there are a number of treatments to minimize and prevent hyperpigmentation. There are also a number of ingredients that we utilize in our products to help prevent and minimise the appearance of dark circles. Vitamin C and Vitamin K are used in eye creams to break down free radicals and brighten the skin as well as to stimulate tissue renewal.